This study examines Byzantine enamel medallions of the 11th century that represent empresses in encounters with holy figures. In addition to arguing for a date and identification of the empresses, the article examines what the medallions say about female authority in Byzantium in the first half of the eleventh century.
Copyright © 2012 Kriszta Kotsis
Kotsis, Kriszta "Mothers of the Empire: Empresses Zoe and Theodora on a Byzantine Medallion Cycle." Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality 48, No. 1 (2012) : 5-96.