Panel 4 presented at the Association for General and Liberal Studies' Annual Meeting at Colgate University, October 30th through November 1st, 1969.

Many educators recognize that, although elements ( facts, etc.) are needed in order to express or create, these things alone are not enough . Since connections of the mind are probably made from some sources of discipline, the phrase, in and of itself, expresses some truth. However, this facile phrase is too often used to mean the instructor who knows the substance of his discipline extremely well, can use that substance, and that alone, to educate his students. The danger in this kind of pedagogy is that no science is entire of itself. I t would be facetious of me to deny that many creative students came out of a strict disciplinary approach to the teaching of science. Concomitantly, I wish to point out that I am not advocating that an academician's goal should be the development of an undisciplined mind in the student.