Few cues give a teacher a more valid or quicker insight into her students' thinking abilities than analogies. The pupils' mental manipulations—or lack thereof—reveal to the aware and perceptive teacher a usually-accurate idea of the extent to which her pupils will be able to perform. Picture analogies for non-readers and word analogies for literate pupils can be used informally by the classroom teachers to approximate just how much pupils, individually, are capable of learningin an academic situation.
Axelrod, J. (1976). Analogies: Word Attack and Reading Comprehension Skills in a Thinking Context. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 17 (1). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol17/iss1/3