The central assumption underlying the cloze procedure is that context can be used inferentially to predict deleted words (or other graphic units). The importance of this assumption suggests that an adequate understanding of the cloze task is impossible without an analytical knowledge of the role inference must play. The present discussion embodies a stepwise analysis of this role, from the point at which the context is read to the point at which the reader is able to distinguish acceptable responses.
McKenna, M. C. (1979). Inferential Aspects of the Cloze Task. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 19 (4). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol19/iss4/6