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In 1975 Manzo described the Guided Reading Procedure, which was designed to "improve reading comprehension by stressing attitudinal factors- accuracy in comprehension, self-correction, and awareness of implicit questions, as well as cognitive factors, unaided recall and organizational skills" (pp. 291). As developed by Manzo, the Guided Reading Procedure (GRP) is to be used after the reading of a common selection. However, the GRP can easily be adapted as a pre-reading activity and as a post-reading activity when students have read different materials.

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