While observing beginning readers in both American and British schools, I have noted that the better readers also appear to be the better speakers, while the child having difficulty with reading also tends to be less verbal and less explicit in oral language activities. This observation sparked my interest in the role of oral language in the reading process.
Lehnert, L. J. (1981). Help Them to Speak, Write, and Listen--They'll Be Better Readers. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 21 (3). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol21/iss3/4