Pandemic Response and Religion in the United States represents an initial archiving of online materials related to religion and the coronavirus pandemic in the United States. Materials are organized by thematic category and can be searched by keywords. This database will encourage further research into religion and pandemic response. We hope that such research will in turn serve to guide policy decisions by religious organizations and governments. It will also serve as a foundation for teaching about religion and health, disaster response, and other key issues at the high school and college levels. This project was made possible by a WMU Meader Presidential Endowment Covid19 Response Grant. The project’s principle investigator (PI) is Dr. Stephen Covell and the co-PI is Dr. Diane Riggs. Data was collected by the following graduate students in the Department of Comparative Religion: Cameron Borg, Gerald Brooks, Jarrett Stalinger and Emily Warren.

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Submissions from 2020

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Are COVID-19 Restrictions Inflaming Religious Tensions?, Geneive Abdo and Anna L. Jacobs

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Rethinking Mikvah Attendance in the Midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic, Carmella Abraham

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Corona Virus: Current global medico-economic calamity- Sickness & afflictions and Islamic perspective. We must take time to comprehend our situation., Riaz A. Akhtar

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'It’s a very different Ramadan': How coronavirus has upended ancient rituals, Gay Alcorn

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COVID-19 and Islamic Burial Laws: Safeguarding dignity of the dead, Ahmed Al-Dawoody and Oran Finegan

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Saudi Arabia to Hold 'Very Limited' Hajj Due to Coronavirus, Al Jazeera and News Agencies

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Even as Coronavirus Keeps us from Churches, Faith Appears to be Growing. Here’s why., Cynthia M. Allen

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Resources During the Coronavirus Pandemic, Archdiocese of Milwaukee

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Talking Points for Parents: The delay of First Communion, Archdiocese of Milwaukee

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Special Report: COVID-19 impacts Chinese Buddhism, state control, and soft power, Yoshiko Ashiwa, David L. Wank, and Religion & Diplomacy

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What Islamic Hygienic Practices can Teach When Coronavirus is Spreading, Rose S. Aslan and The Conversation

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Michigan Priest Draws Squirt Gun in Fight Against Coronavirus, Associated Press and KUTV

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COVID-19 Lockdown Brings Fresher Air, Cleaner Rivers in India, Associated Press and Market Watch

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'Social Distance Powwows' Attract Thousands Online, Associated Press and Youtube

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Christians and Muslims in Algeria “Maintain Links” Despite Lockdown: Bishop of Constantine, Jude Atemanke

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Sip from the common cup? On Ash Wednesday, coronavirus and the flu have religious leaders tweaking rituals., Sarah Pulliam Bailey

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National Day of Prayer, Reshaped By Pandemic, Includes Interfaith and Online Events, Adelle M. Banks and Crosswalk.com

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Coronavirus: Saudi Arabia bars international pilgrims for Hajj, BBC News

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To Christians on Communion: Don’t try this at home, Alex Beam

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The Social Distance Powwow, Heather Benson, Lori Walsh, and Whitney Recountre II

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Muslims Across U.S. Finding New Ways to Celebrate Eid Amid Coronavirus, Musadiq Bidar

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Boca Raton Community Mikvah: Mikvah form, Boca Raton Community Mikvah

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Worship in the Age of Coronavirus: Prayer, elbow bumps, hand sanitizer, Julie Bosman and Mitch Smith

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Jewish Law During a Pandemic: The 35 Responsa of Rabbi Hershel Schachter Issued Due to COVID-19, Michael J. Broyde and Berkley Center-Georgetown University

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The Hajj in Times of Epidemics, Marjo Buitelaar

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Native Americans Cancel Sun Dances and Other Cultural Ceremonies to Halt Spread of Coronavirus, Andrew Buncombe

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The Great Shutdown 2020: What churches, mosques and temples are doing to fight the spread of coronavirus, Daniel Burke

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Indiana Funeral Homes Making Restrictions to Protect Employees and Loved Ones During COVID-19 Pandemic, Aaron Cantrell

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How One Church Is Handling The Coronavirus Outbreak, Annacaroline Caruso

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'Church is more than a building': Chicago's Holy Week services move online during COVID-19 pandemic, Cate Cauguiran

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Funeral Guidance, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Grief & Loss, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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COVID-19 Messages From the Kelim Mikvah and Mikvah Emunah Society, Cheryl Stern Community Kelim Mikvah and Kemp Mill Synagogue

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Praying About World Issues, Christian Science

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Michigan’s First Jewish COVID-19 Death, Shari Cohen

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Protocol for Places of Worship: Appendix F, County of Los Angeles Department of Public Health

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Indigenous Arizonans Dance with Thousands Around World in Online 'Social Distance' Powwow, Chelsea Curtis

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Spiritual resources during COVID-19, Diocese of Grand Rapids

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The Pandemic and the Will of God, Ross Douthat

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Mikveh Immersion to Prepare for our New Normal after Covid-19, Hannah Estrin

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Coronavirus: Muslim Council urges people to avoid communal Eid celebrations, Harry Farley

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Coronavirus: Places of worship to reopen for private prayer, Harry Farley

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How the World Has Learned to Grieve in a Pandemic, Claire Felter, Lindsay Maizland, and Sabine Baumgartner

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Iowa Religious Leaders Call on Churches to Avoid Gatherings Despite State Loosening Rules on Services, Charles Flesher

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Drums, Dancers Livestream as Virus Moves Powwows Online, Felicia Fonseca

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Coronavirus Brought Me Back to Reporting on Religion, Lily Fowler

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The Coronavirus Will Upend My Grandmother’s 50-Year Passover Tradition. But We Stay Apart So We Can Be Together, Lori Fradkin

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Coronavirus is Changing the Rituals of Death for Many Religions, Lauren Frayer, Daniel Estrin, and Jane Arraf

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The COVID-19 Crisis: Adaptations and tensions during the month of Ramadan, Georgetown University, Katherine Marshall, Atallah FitzGibbon, Samia Huq, Saliou Mbacke, Ismail Mehr, David Robinson, and Olivia Wilkinson

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Religion During the Coronavirus Pandemic: Islamic bioethical perspectives, Mohammed Ghaly and The Hastings Institute

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Clinical Study Considers The Power Of Prayer To Combat COVID-19, Tom Gjelten

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Coronavirus News: Passover Seders going digital during Coronavirus pandemic, Lauren Glassberg

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Minneapolis to Allow Broadcast of Muslim Call to Prayer Over Loudspeakers During Ramadan, Anthony Gockowski

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Coronavirus Keeps Many from Paying Tribute at Funerals, Ken Gordon

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Grace Community Church-Coronavirus Response, Grace Community Church

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Orthodox Jewish Women Are Facing an Impossible Choice Right Now, Emma Green

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COVID-19 has Altered Church, Religious Services, but Worship Still Offers Comfort Amid Coronavirus, Ann Helmke and Peggy O'Hare

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For Minnesota's Jews, COVID-19 Reshapes Passover Celebrations, Jean Hopfensperger

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Native Healing Dance Offers Comfort During Crisis, Paige Hopkins

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For Chicago-Area Muslims Without Traditional Mosque Access, a Remote Ramadan isn’t a New Concept, Nausheen Husain and Javonte Anderson

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American Muslims and COVID-19, Amir Hussain and Clare Castro

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How Religions and Religious Leaders can Help to Combat the COVID-19 Pandemic: Indonesia's experience, Hakimul Ikhwan, Vissia Ita Yulianto, and Medical Xpress

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Funeral Homes Guidance, Illinois Department of Public Health

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COVID-19 Guidance for Funeral Homes and Directors, Indiana State Department of Health

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Management of the Dead from a Buddhist Perspective, International Committee of the Red Cross

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Islamic Society of Midwest-Chicago, Islamic Society of Midwest-Chicago

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COVID: Resources for information related to the Covid-19 virus, Islamic Society of North America

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Muslims Join Jumma Prayers at Mosques After a Month, Mainul Islam

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'It's Carnage': Crematoriums run around the clock to meet demand from Coronavirus, Rick Jervis

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Cincinnati Community Mikveh, Jewish Federation Cincinnati

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Passover in the Age of COVID-19: A guide, Jewish Federation of Greater Santa Barbara

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North Suburban Mosques Observe Ramadan Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic, Jennifer Johnson and Steve Schering

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North Suburban Mosques Observe Ramadan Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic, Jennifer Johnson, Steve Schering, and Chicago Tribune

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Is it Safe for Patients With COVID-19 to Fast in Ramadan?, Asli Kalin, Ammad Mahmood, Salman Waqar, Asim Yusuf, Nazim Ghouri, Naveed Sattar, and Tahseen Chowdhury

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How Religious Communities are Modifying Traditions to Prevent Coronavirus Spread, Harmeet Kaur

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My Son’s Bar Mitzvah has to be Postponed Due to Covid-19. What Should I Do?, Dawn Kepler and The Jewish News of Northern California

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Inside the Fringe Japanese Religion That Claims It Can Cure Covid-19, Sam Kestenbaum

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Washing (Ghusl) of Coronavirus Victim, Abdur Rahman Khan

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'Every Step You Take is Prayer': As coronavirus spreads, women lead virtual dance for healing, Dan Kraker

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Mikvah Update, Chanie Krasnianski and Chabad Upper East Side

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Social Distance Powwow Sends Prayers, Goes Viral, Rima Krisst

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God and COVID-19, David Lawler

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Mass to Resume Wednesday at Wichita Catholic Churches, with Coronavirus Precautions, Dion Lefler

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Across Africa, COVID-19 Heightens Tension Between Faith and Science, Amanda Lichtenstein, Rosemary Ajayi, and Nwachukwu Egbunike

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'It's Going to Be a Lot More Lonely.' A Dramatically Different Ramadan for U.S. Muslims Amid Coronavirus Lockdowns, Sanya Mansoor

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Answering Your Coronavirus Questions: 100,000 deaths, religion and the future of work, Michel Martin

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COVID-19 Update, Mayyim Hayyim Living Waters Community Mikveh Paula Brody & Family Education Center

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Quarantine and Expulsion in Early Tibet: Reflections on the Padmasambhava Legend in the Age of the Coronavirus, William A. McGrath and Society For Cultural Anthropology

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Japanese Religious Responses to COVID-19: A preliminary report, Levi McLaughlin and The Asia-Pacific Journal

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Mid America Dharma Responds to COVID-19, Mid America Dharma

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Latest Status Update From MBT, Midwest Buddhist Temple

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Important Information About the Wallerstein Mikvah and COVID-19, Mikvah Emunah Society of Greater Washington

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Drive-Thru Communion? Remote Consecration? COVID-19 Sparks Eucharistic Experimentation – And theological debate, Egan Millard and David Paulsen

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How are Religious Groups Responding to the Coronavirus Pandemic?, Jenesse Miller

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Seeking God in Times of Pain: A collection of inter-faith prayers for enduring the COVID-19 struggle, Milwaukee Independent

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Guidance for Gatherings: Faith-based communities, places of worship, and ceremonies, Minnesota Department of Health

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Wisconsin Muslims see Ramadan as a Time for Family Bonding, Reflection, Nusaiba Mizan

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Saudi Arabia Must Suspend the Hajj: The presence of millions of pilgrims in Mecca and Medina will have lethal consequences., Ebrahim Moosa

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Michigan Tightens Time Frame for Handling Body After Death Amid Pandemic, Darcie Moran

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COVID-19 Restricts Africa's Ramadan Routine, Issac Mugabi