Pandemic Response and Religion in the United States represents an initial archiving of online materials related to religion and the coronavirus pandemic in the United States. Materials are organized by thematic category and can be searched by keywords. This database will encourage further research into religion and pandemic response. We hope that such research will in turn serve to guide policy decisions by religious organizations and governments. It will also serve as a foundation for teaching about religion and health, disaster response, and other key issues at the high school and college levels. This project was made possible by a WMU Meader Presidential Endowment Covid19 Response Grant. The project’s principle investigator (PI) is Dr. Stephen Covell and the co-PI is Dr. Diane Riggs. Data was collected by the following graduate students in the Department of Comparative Religion: Cameron Borg, Gerald Brooks, Jarrett Stalinger and Emily Warren.

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Submissions from 2020

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Are COVID-19 Restrictions Inflaming Religious Tensions?, Geneive Abdo and Anna L. Jacobs

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Rethinking Mikvah Attendance in the Midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic, Carmella Abraham

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Corona Virus: Current global medico-economic calamity- Sickness & afflictions and Islamic perspective. We must take time to comprehend our situation., Riaz A. Akhtar

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'It’s a very different Ramadan': How coronavirus has upended ancient rituals, Gay Alcorn

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COVID-19 and Islamic Burial Laws: Safeguarding dignity of the dead, Ahmed Al-Dawoody and Oran Finegan

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Saudi Arabia to Hold 'Very Limited' Hajj Due to Coronavirus, Al Jazeera and News Agencies

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Even as Coronavirus Keeps us from Churches, Faith Appears to be Growing. Here’s why., Cynthia M. Allen

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What Hermits Can Teach Us About Isolation, Hephzibah Anderson

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Resources During the Coronavirus Pandemic, Archdiocese of Milwaukee

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Talking Points for Parents: The delay of First Communion, Archdiocese of Milwaukee

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Praying Together Over Zoom: How religion sounds during a pandemic, Laura Arenschield

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Special Report: COVID-19 impacts Chinese Buddhism, state control, and soft power, Yoshiko Ashiwa, David L. Wank, and Religion & Diplomacy

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What Islamic Hygienic Practices can Teach When Coronavirus is Spreading, Rose S. Aslan and The Conversation

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Michigan Priest Draws Squirt Gun in Fight Against Coronavirus, Associated Press and KUTV

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COVID-19 Lockdown Brings Fresher Air, Cleaner Rivers in India, Associated Press and Market Watch

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'Social Distance Powwows' Attract Thousands Online, Associated Press and Youtube

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Christians and Muslims in Algeria “Maintain Links” Despite Lockdown: Bishop of Constantine, Jude Atemanke

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Sip from the common cup? On Ash Wednesday, coronavirus and the flu have religious leaders tweaking rituals., Sarah Pulliam Bailey

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Virus Lockdown Changes How Hindus Celebrate Holy Period, Biswajeet Banerjee and Gary Fields

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National Day of Prayer, Reshaped By Pandemic, Includes Interfaith and Online Events, Adelle M. Banks and Crosswalk.com

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Coronavirus: Saudi Arabia bars international pilgrims for Hajj, BBC News

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India Coronavirus: Amarnath Pilgrimage Cancelled Due to Covid-19, BBC News

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To Christians on Communion: Don’t try this at home, Alex Beam

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The Social Distance Powwow, Heather Benson, Lori Walsh, and Whitney Recountre II

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Rising Religiosity as a Global Response to COVID-19 Fear, Jeanet Bentzen and Vox EU

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Muslims Across U.S. Finding New Ways to Celebrate Eid Amid Coronavirus, Musadiq Bidar

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Can you Find God in a Zoom Call? Communities of Faith get Religion on Tech in COVID-19 Crisis, Todd Bishop

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Summer Solstice in Michigan 2020, Dawn Black

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Boca Raton Community Mikvah: Mikvah form, Boca Raton Community Mikvah

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People Perform Puja to Eradicate Coronavirus in Karnataka's Hubballi, Manjunath Hegde Bomnalli

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Worship in the Age of Coronavirus: Prayer, elbow bumps, hand sanitizer, Julie Bosman and Mitch Smith

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Jewish Law During a Pandemic: The 35 Responsa of Rabbi Hershel Schachter Issued Due to COVID-19, Michael J. Broyde and Berkley Center-Georgetown University

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Quarantining While Buddhist: ‘It’s more important to be kind than to be right’, Donna Bryson

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The Hajj in Times of Epidemics, Marjo Buitelaar

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Native Americans Cancel Sun Dances and Other Cultural Ceremonies to Halt Spread of Coronavirus, Andrew Buncombe

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The Great Shutdown 2020: What churches, mosques and temples are doing to fight the spread of coronavirus, Daniel Burke

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Boko Haram's Shekau Labels Anti-COVID-19 Measures an Attack on Islam in Nigeria, John Campbell

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Indiana Funeral Homes Making Restrictions to Protect Employees and Loved Ones During COVID-19 Pandemic, Aaron Cantrell

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How One Church Is Handling The Coronavirus Outbreak, Annacaroline Caruso

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'Church is more than a building': Chicago's Holy Week services move online during COVID-19 pandemic, Cate Cauguiran

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Funeral Guidance, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Grief & Loss, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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COVID-19 Messages From the Kelim Mikvah and Mikvah Emunah Society, Cheryl Stern Community Kelim Mikvah and Kemp Mill Synagogue

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Cyber Dharma: Celebrating E-Vesak in Singapore, Jack Meng-Tat Chia

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Celebrating E-Vesak in Singapore, Jack Meng-Tat Chia and The Jivaka Project

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Saudi’s Hajj Cancellation for Covid-19 is Not the First Time a Plague has Disrupted Muslims’ Pilgrimage, Ken Chitwood and Quartz Africa

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Praying About World Issues, Christian Science

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Michigan’s First Jewish COVID-19 Death, Shari Cohen

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Churches Were Eager to Reopen. Now They Are Confronting Coronavirus Cases., Kate Conger, Jack Healy, and Lucy Tompkins

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Fudo Myo-o: The enduring power of a wrathful deity, Core Kyoto- NHK World-Japan

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Kyoto Amulets: The embodiment of prayers for happiness, Core Kyoto- NHK World-Japan

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Protocol for Places of Worship: Appendix F, County of Los Angeles Department of Public Health

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Indigenous Arizonans Dance with Thousands Around World in Online 'Social Distance' Powwow, Chelsea Curtis

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COVID-19 Cancels the Islamic Pilgrimage, Grounding a Lifelong Dream for Some N.C. Muslims, Anton L. Delgado

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Spiritual Houstonians Embrace the Metaphysical During COVID-19, Hannah Dellenger

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Spiritual resources during COVID-19, Diocese of Grand Rapids

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German Nuns Describe Search for Sacrament During COVID-19 Beyond “Dependence” on Ordained Men, Cameron Doody and Religious Women for Human Dignity

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The Pandemic and the Will of God, Ross Douthat

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Magic Valley Dairy Days and Pagan Fest Both Move Online This Year Due to Coronavirus Concerns, Tetona Dunlap and Magic Valley

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Responses to COVID19 in Buddhist Communities of Contemporary China-Preliminary findings, Daigengna Duoer and The Jivaka Project

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COVID-19 Coronavirus Precautions & Best Practices, eCondolence

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Love Your Neighbour: Islam, Judaism and Christianity come together over COVID-19, Mohamed Elsanousi, Burton L. Visotzky, Bob Roberts, and World Economic Forum

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Coronavirus and Sharia Law: Divide over closure of mosques and ban of Friday prayers in Idlib, Enab Baladi

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Mikveh Immersion to Prepare for our New Normal after Covid-19, Hannah Estrin

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Making Masks, Everglades Moon Local Council

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U.S. Muslims Try to Balance Eid Rituals with Coronavirus Concerns, Mariam Fam and WHYY PBS

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Coronavirus: Muslim Council urges people to avoid communal Eid celebrations, Harry Farley

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Coronavirus: Places of worship to reopen for private prayer, Harry Farley

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Coronavirus in US: With mosques shut, Muslims turn to technology for their spiritual needs, Umar A. Farooq

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How the World Has Learned to Grieve in a Pandemic, Claire Felter, Lindsay Maizland, and Sabine Baumgartner

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Iowa Religious Leaders Call on Churches to Avoid Gatherings Despite State Loosening Rules on Services, Charles Flesher

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WMU Researchers Creating National Database of Religious Response to COVID-19, Erin Flynn

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Drums, Dancers Livestream as Virus Moves Powwows Online, Felicia Fonseca

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Coronavirus Brought Me Back to Reporting on Religion, Lily Fowler

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The Coronavirus Will Upend My Grandmother’s 50-Year Passover Tradition. But We Stay Apart So We Can Be Together, Lori Fradkin

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Coronavirus is Changing the Rituals of Death for Many Religions, Lauren Frayer, Daniel Estrin, and Jane Arraf

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The COVID-19 Crisis: Adaptations and tensions during the month of Ramadan, Georgetown University, Katherine Marshall, Atallah FitzGibbon, Samia Huq, Saliou Mbacke, Ismail Mehr, David Robinson, and Olivia Wilkinson

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Religion During the Coronavirus Pandemic: Islamic bioethical perspectives, Mohammed Ghaly and The Hastings Institute

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Clinical Study Considers The Power Of Prayer To Combat COVID-19, Tom Gjelten

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Coronavirus News: Passover Seders going digital during Coronavirus pandemic, Lauren Glassberg

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Churches, Chaplains, Nuns Have Unexpected Role in COVID-19 Crisis, Carol Glatz and America The Jesuit Review

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Minneapolis to Allow Broadcast of Muslim Call to Prayer Over Loudspeakers During Ramadan, Anthony Gockowski

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Covid-19: UN urges unity and service on Buddhist feast of Vesakh, Robin Gomes

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Faith in a Time of Crisis, Bryan Goodman

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Coronavirus Keeps Many from Paying Tribute at Funerals, Ken Gordon

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Grace Community Church-Coronavirus Response, Grace Community Church

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Orthodox Jewish Women Are Facing an Impossible Choice Right Now, Emma Green

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In the Time of COVID-19, the Cloistered Life Offers Lessons for the World, Rhina Guidos

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WMU Team Creates National Database to Document How Religious Groups are Handling COVID-19, Tarvarious Haywood

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COVID-19 has Altered Church, Religious Services, but Worship Still Offers Comfort Amid Coronavirus, Ann Helmke and Peggy O'Hare

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For Minnesota's Jews, COVID-19 Reshapes Passover Celebrations, Jean Hopfensperger

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Native Healing Dance Offers Comfort During Crisis, Paige Hopkins

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Buddhist Groups Move Religious Ceremonies Online Amid COVID-19, Wu Hsin-yun and Kay Liu

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For Chicago-Area Muslims Without Traditional Mosque Access, a Remote Ramadan isn’t a New Concept, Nausheen Husain and Javonte Anderson

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American Muslims and COVID-19, Amir Hussain and Clare Castro

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How Religions and Religious Leaders can Help to Combat the COVID-19 Pandemic: Indonesia's experience, Hakimul Ikhwan, Vissia Ita Yulianto, and Medical Xpress

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Funeral Homes Guidance, Illinois Department of Public Health

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COVID-19 Guidance for Funeral Homes and Directors, Indiana State Department of Health

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COVID 19, Institute of Jainology

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COVID-19: Management of the dead from a Hinduism perspective, International Committee of the Red Cross