Document Type


Publication Date



The purpose of this study was to replicate the findings of Van Houten et. al. (2013) demonstrating that a multifaceted program could increase the percentage of motorist’s yielding to pedestrians in crosswalks on a community basis in Gainesville, FL, and that these changes actually improved further over a four year follow-up period (Van Houten et. al. (2017). The current study replicated the original findings in a similar sized city in a different region of the US (Ann Arbor, MI). Stopping for pedestrians in Ann Arbor increased from a mean of 28.5% to 65.2% at the treatment sites, which also received police enforcement, and from 34.2% to 53% at the generalization sites that did not receive police enforcement. These changes were very similar to those observed in the city of Gainesville Florida. The finding indicated that the use of the feedback signs showing the percentage of motorists stopping for pedestrians each week along with the record level of compliance with the ordinance was a key element contributing to the success of the package. Follow-up data should be collected after 4 years to determine whether further improvements in driver compliance occur.

ID Number

TRCLC 16-03