Title of paper

Social Enterprise Entrepreneurs and National Biogas Programs/Partnerships as Dissemination agents in Ethiopia

Presenter's country

United States

Start Date

28-5-2016 12:00 PM

End Date

28-5-2016 1:05 PM

Location

Hall II

Submission type

Presentation

Abstract

As Ethiopia continues pushing forward with policy initiatives in alignment with the newly released GTP II, climate change, mitigation of green house gas emissions, and climate adaptation are center of focus. Hydropower, and Wind energy have been gaining traction as the major agenda is set to build climate resilient economy. While access to electricity service coverage has increased 13.2% between 2009 and 2013, approximately 70% of Ethiopian households continue to use biomass (wood) for cooking. Traditional cooking practices in Ethiopia have not only significantly contributed to Ethiopia’s deforestation problem, but have also become a major public health issue. This paper aims to examine the roles of social enterprise entrepreneurs, national biogas programs and partnerships in the continuing yet challenging process of biogas technology dissemination throughout rural Ethiopian households. Research in this area has directed attention toward the challenges faced in reference to diffusion of innovation, socio-economic factors, cultural issues, and feasibility in regards to affordability of biogas and biogas cook stoves. This study will examine how social enterprise entrepreneurs operationalize marketing and distribution strategies, identify and outline connections between social enterprise organizations and national partnership programs that may have developed in efforts to reach common goals on the journey to establishing sustainable energy resource accessibility in rural Ethiopia.

Keywords

Sustainable development, sustainable energy development, biogas diffusion, sustainable energy

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May 28th, 12:00 PM May 28th, 1:05 PM

Social Enterprise Entrepreneurs and National Biogas Programs/Partnerships as Dissemination agents in Ethiopia

Hall II

As Ethiopia continues pushing forward with policy initiatives in alignment with the newly released GTP II, climate change, mitigation of green house gas emissions, and climate adaptation are center of focus. Hydropower, and Wind energy have been gaining traction as the major agenda is set to build climate resilient economy. While access to electricity service coverage has increased 13.2% between 2009 and 2013, approximately 70% of Ethiopian households continue to use biomass (wood) for cooking. Traditional cooking practices in Ethiopia have not only significantly contributed to Ethiopia’s deforestation problem, but have also become a major public health issue. This paper aims to examine the roles of social enterprise entrepreneurs, national biogas programs and partnerships in the continuing yet challenging process of biogas technology dissemination throughout rural Ethiopian households. Research in this area has directed attention toward the challenges faced in reference to diffusion of innovation, socio-economic factors, cultural issues, and feasibility in regards to affordability of biogas and biogas cook stoves. This study will examine how social enterprise entrepreneurs operationalize marketing and distribution strategies, identify and outline connections between social enterprise organizations and national partnership programs that may have developed in efforts to reach common goals on the journey to establishing sustainable energy resource accessibility in rural Ethiopia.