Date of Award

12-1987

Degree Name

Doctor of Education

Department

Educational Leadership, Research and Technology

First Advisor

Dr. Charles Warfield

Second Advisor

Dr. Carol Sheffer

Third Advisor

Dr. Michitoshi Soga

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Alonzo Hannaford

Abstract

Literature has revealed that the leadership behavior of executives and upper level managers had a significant effect on organizational culture which offered members of the organization meaningful goals and purposes. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the awareness of organizational culture and leadership behavior of executives and upper level managers in American and Japanese multinational corporations.

The investigation was conducted using two instruments, Cultural Awareness Checklist and Leader Behavior Descriptive Questionnaire. The sample consisted of 256 employees: 117 executives and upper level managers and 139 middle and lower level managers and other employees not holding managerial positions. Seventy American and Japanese parent and subsidiary companies participated in this study.

In order to investigate the purpose of this study, 41 hypotheses were developed. A Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), t tests, and Fisher's Zr transformation were utilized.

It was found that a positive significant relationship existed between the awareness of organizational culture and career positions of employees. The findings also indicated that a positive significant relationship existed between the awareness of organizational culture of American executive groups and the American middle managers group. While differences in the awareness of organizational culture did not exist between the American and the Japanese executive groups, a difference in the leadership behavior did exist between the American and Japanese executive groups.

In this study, no relationships were found to exist between the awareness of organizational culture of the executive groups and their leadership behavior. Further, no differences in the awareness of organizational culture with the leadership behavior were found to exist between the American and Japanese executive groups, the American and Japanese parent executive groups, and the American and Japanese subsidiary executive groups.

Interestingly, the results indicated that the Japanese parent executive group, who had high scores in leadership behavior and presented no difference in the awareness of organizational culture from the American executive group, exhibited a difference in the awareness of organizational culture between their middle managers groups.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access

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