Social Work has been embedded in a structural and ideological contradiction throughout its history. The profession, its employing institutions, and the problems confronted by its clients are all produced by the same political economy that pays its workers and supports its schools. Ideologically, the profession has avoided the confrontation implied by its dependency upon individual defect explanatory or causal analysis frameworks that constitute a betrayal of its real constituencies. An advocacy! empowerment paradigm is offered as an alternative.
Rose, Stephen M.
"Advocacy/Empowerment: An Approach to Clinical Practice for Social Work,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 17
, Article 5.
Available at: http://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol17/iss2/5