The Marxist Theater of Amiri Baraka


In lieu of an abstract, the first paragraph of the essay follows:

Franz Fanon, in his book The Wretched of the Earth (1961), isolated three stages in the development of the black writer: assimilation, ethnic discovery, and national socialist revolution. Ten years earlier, Sartre had postulated a similar progression, though with considerably greater recognition of negritude (Fanon's second stage) as a necessary phase in a developing political consciousness and with a stronger internationalist perspective on the ensuing Marxist union of the proletariat ( the ultimate realization, in Sartre's program, of Fanon's third stage): "The unity which will come eventually, bringing all oppressed peoples together in the same struggle, must be preceded in the colonies by what I shall call the moment of separation· or negativity: this anti-racist racism is the only road that will lead to the abolition of racial differences."1

Comparative Drama is carried by JSTOR and Project MUSE.