Organic Solar Cells Based on High Dielectric Constant Materials: An Approach to Increase Efficiency
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Dr. Clement Burns
Dr. Paul Pancella
Dr. Guda Ramakrishna
Dr. Asghar Kayani
high dielectric constant materials, copper phthalocyanine, organic solar cells, CuPc, polarization mechanisms
The efficiency of organic solar cells still lags behind inorganic solar cells due to their low dielectric constant which results in a weakly screened columbic attraction between the photogenerated electron-hole system, therefore the probability of charge separating is low. Having an organic material with a high dielectric constant could be the solution to get separated charges or at least weakly bounded electron-hole pairs. Therefore, high dielectric constant materials have been investigated and studied by measuring modified metal-phthalocyanine (MePc) and polyaniline in pellets and thin films. The dielectric constant was investigated as a function of temperature and frequency in the range of 20Hz to1MHz. For MePc we found that the high dielectric constant was an extrinsic property due to water absorption and the formation of hydronuim ion allowed by the ionization of the functional groups such as sulphonated and carboxylic groups. The dielectric constant was high at low frequencies and decreasing as the frequency increase. Investigated materials were applied in fabricated bilayer heterojunction organic solar cells. The application of these materials in an organic solar cells show a significant stability under room conditions rather than improvement in their efficiency.
Hamam, Khalil Jumah Tawfiq, "Organic Solar Cells Based on High Dielectric Constant Materials: An Approach to Increase Efficiency" (2013). Dissertations. 165.