Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Dr. Linda Borish

Second Advisor

Dr. Douglas Davidson

Third Advisor

Dr. Ronald Kramer

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Gerald Markle


This dissertation is a sociohistorical analysis of women and social reform in the Progressive Era. Until recently, the role of women has been virtually invisible in accounts of Progressive social reform. While this is no longer the case, considerable questions remain. Using the archival records of one woman, Caroline Bartlett Crane (1858-1935), which document her professional, intellectual and personal life, I describe her contribution to social reform and early sociology. I analyze how her life and work reveals a greater understanding of current feminist debates and other social, historical and political questions.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access