Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Education


Educational Leadership

First Advisor

Dr. Uldis Smidchens

Second Advisor

Dr. Edgar Kelley

Third Advisor

Dr. Harold Ray


Three research questions were investigated in this study: (1) What is the status of performance evaluation as practiced within the profession of athletic training? (2) Do athletic trainers and persons who supervise them share common perceptions regarding the status of performance evaluation in athletic training? (3) Do athletic trainers who work in the four major employment settings share common perceptions regarding performance evaluation? The four major employment settings for athletic trainers are professional athletics, colleges and universities, high schools, and sports medicine clinics. A proportional random sample, stratified by employment group, was selected from the population of all National Athletic Trainers Associated certified athletic trainers practicing in the United States. The athletic trainers selected for inclusion in the study were asked to recruit their supervisors as subjects for the study. Data collection was accomplished using a separate but similar 55 item questionnaire for both athletic trainers and supervisors.

Four conclusions were inferred: (1) Evaluation systems for athletic trainers are deficient in propriety, accuracy, utility, and feasibility; (2) athletic trainers and their supervisors share few perceptions in common with regard to performance evaluation; (3) evaluation systems used in sports medicine clinics are more proper, accurate, useful and feasible than those used in professional athletics, colleges and universities, or high schools; and (4) evaluation systems used in colleges and universities contain the fewest elements of propriety, accuracy, utility, and feasibility.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access