Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Education


Counseling and Personnel

First Advisor

Dr. Thelma Urbick

Second Advisor

Dr. Uldis Schmidens

Third Advisor

Dr. David Cowden


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the parent-adolescent communication, adolescents' self-concept, and academic achievement.

The sample consisted of 341 Form II (8th Grade) students from seven secondary schools in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia, and their parents. The instruments utilized in this study were Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory and Academic Self-Concept Scales as the measure for adolescents' self-concept. The 1984 mid-year examination results were used as the measure of academic achievement. The Parent-Adolescent Communication Inventory (Form A) was used as the measure of students' perceptions of their communication with their parents, and Parent-Adolescent Communication Inventory (Form P) was used as the measure of the parents' perceptions of their communication with their children.

Six hypotheses were formulated to investigate the major research questions raised in this study. These hypotheses were tested statistically; and for each of these six hypotheses, the probability used for committing a Type I error was .05.

The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient revealed a direct relationship between parent-adolescent communication and adolescents' self-concept. It also revealed a direct relationship between parent-adolescent communication and adolescents' academic achievement.

The t test results demonstrated that the adolescents of the high self-concept group had a more positive perception of family communication than the adolescents of the low self-concept group.

From the results of the two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), the interaction effect between the sex of the adolescents and the parent-adolescent communication upon self-concept of the adolescents was not found. There was also no evidence to show that sex of the adolescents interacting with the nature of parent-adolescent communication had any effect on the academic achievement of the adolescents.

The results of the t test (z test) on the Fisher's z transformation correlation coefficients revealed a congruency of perceptions on family communication between adolescents and the parents of both high and low self-concept groups.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access

Included in

Counseling Commons