Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Dr. R. Wayne Fuqua

Second Advisor

Dr. Ron Van Houten

Third Advisor

Dr. Anthony Defulio

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Derek Reed


Health psychology, behavioral medicine, exercise, boxing, punching bag, conjugate schedules


Physical exercise has been integrated into treatment efforts in reversing the number of overweight and obese individuals. Furthermore, exercise extends mortality, enhances general quality of life, and it is a protective health factor for preventing the progression some mental health disorders. Electronic athletic training equipment easily allows monitoring of real-time physical activity, and enables tracking of progress made toward individualized performance goals. There are limitations to only using visual feedback (e.g., visual depictions of heart rate, speed, distance traveled, or calories burned etc.) to track and improve exercise and athletic performance, especially for some sports, such as boxing. This issue could be addressed by incorporating real-time audio along with visual feedback on crucial dimensions of a boxing workout. The study proposed herein is designed to evaluate if the audio/ visual feedback package using a multiple baseline design across subjects results in better workouts and improved athletic performance, when compared to a standard punching bag workout.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access