Date of Award
Doctor of Education
Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology
Dr. Joseph R. Morris
Dr. Earl M. Washington
Dr. Beverly A. Belson
Dr. Robert L. Betz
This study was undertaken to examine the relationship between the level of African-American self-consciousness of African-American college students and the following variables: (a) academic achievement--grade point average, (b) gender, (c) educational level (freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior), and (d) level of involvement in African-American college student organizations. The questions explored in this study were: (a) Do African- American students with a high level of African self-consciousness achieve at a higher level than African-American students with a low level of African self-consciousness? (b) Is there a relationship between the educational level and the level of African self-consciousness of African American students? (c) Is there a relationship between high levels of African self-consciousness and African American students' participation in African-American student organizations on campus? (d) Is there a relationship between the level of African self-consciousness and the gender of African-American students?
This investigation consisted of analyzing the results of the African Self-Consciousness Scale (Baldwin & Bell, 1982), a 42-item personality construct of "African self-consciousness," and four background questions administered to sample groups of African-American college students from three universities. African self-consciousness scores were divided into groups with high scores being 5 and above and low scores 4.99 and below. Two hundred and twenty-five African American students were contacted by phone of which 187 agreed to participate. The gender composition was 106 females and 81 males. The class difference was 35 freshmen, 56 sophomores, 39 juniors, and 57 seniors. The results of the data were analyzed to examine the relationship between African self-consciousness of African-American college students and background variables.
The results revealed that upperclassmen achieved significantly higher African self-consciousness than underclassmen. There appears to be a moderate relationship between this measure of African self-consciousness and level of participation of African-American students in an African-American student organization. It was concluded that there is a relationship between African self-consciousness, educational level, and the level of participation in an African-American student organization.
Durgans, Kenneth B., "African-American Self-Consciousness and African-American Students Attending Predominantly White Universities" (1992). Dissertations. 3263.