Date of Award

12-2018

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Peter A. Gustafson

Second Advisor

Dr. James R. Jastifer

Third Advisor

Dr. Koorosh Naghshineh

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Daniel Kujawski

Abstract

Bone is composed of two structures: compact bone and spongy bone. Spongy bone porosity highly affects the strength and the physical endurance of bone to carry loads. Most studies use continuum finite element (FE) approaches to model spongy bone and neglect porosity. Neglecting porosity may not efficiently assist orthopaedic surgeons to treat patients who experience bone physical disability. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate an inexpensive approach that simulates spongy bone with more accurate capturing of porosity and less requirements of bone information. The approach is developed through investigating the mechanical characteristics of spongy bone; that is, by creating and analyzing a structural FE model composed of stochastically oriented structural elements or "beams". Each beam element represents a trabecula. In addition, this study investigates the experimental complex biomechanics of foot and ankle bones loaded in eversion/inversion. Further, this study provides a structural-anatomical description that explains the effect of subtalar joint anatomy and screw constructs on its torsional rigidity.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Campus Only

Restricted to Campus until

12-2019

Share

COinS