Date of Award

12-2004

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Geosciences

First Advisor

Dr. Alan Kehew

Second Advisor

Dr. William Sauck

Third Advisor

Dr. Ardith Hansel

Abstract

The objective of the dissertation was to map the glacial geology in southern St. Joseph County, Michigan. The surficial geology was divided into three distinct land systems which are moraine, outwash and fan deposits. The Sturgis Moraine is the most prominent feature transecting the study area from east to west. The topography is further dissected by southwest-trending channels interpreted as tunnel channels.

Thick accumulations of sand and gravel in the study area indicate that glacial meltwater deposition played a dominant role in shaping the landscape. Based on the relative size of the channels and outwash deposits, the largest contribution from meltwater deposition was from the Saginaw Lobe and the least from the Huron-Erie Lobe.

This study also demonstrated that geophysical techniques such as gamma ray logging of domestic water wells, ground penetrating radar and high resolution seismic were useful tools to identify sand, gravel and clay in the subsurface and the thickness of these units. Seven subsurface, gamma ray log markers could be traced throughout the study area. The gamma ray log markers were calibrated to four continuous cores from Sturgis.

Access Setting

Dissertation-Open Access

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