Date of Defense

Spring 4-14-2000


Family and Consumer Sciences

First Advisor

Kathy Wilson, Family and Consumer Sciences

Second Advisor

Arezoo Rojhani, Family and Consumer Sciences

Third Advisor

Denise Detamasso, Family and Consumer Sciences




Proper health maintenance during pregnancy is crucial to the mother, and absolutely necessary for the fetus. Because of this vulnerable state of being, any interference may be detrimental to the health of both. One of the most harmful yet common habits that could adversely affect the mother and fetus is smoking. Not only can the carcinogens from cigarettes be transferred from the mother through the bloodstream, it is now known that they can also be transmitted via breast milk, causing an array of physiological and psychological complications.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Campus Only