Date of Defense



Political Science

First Advisor

Dr. James Butterfield

Second Advisor

Dr. Elizabeth Dalton

Third Advisor

Dr. William Ritchie


Since the people called Latvians began living on the shores of the Baltic Sea, they have almost continually been in conflict with their neighbors, including the Estonians, Lithuanians, Swedes, Germans, and Russians. The major enemy to the Latvians over the centuries, however, has been the Russians. Perhaps this is because the Russians always wanted access to the Baltic Sea and the rest of Europe, but whatever the case, Russians and Latvians have not had a friendly history.

Access Setting

Honors Thesis-Open Access