This study explores informal and formal social support among a sample of elderly southern Blacks. The results reveal that all respondents received informal assistance and that while overall formal assistance was low, a number of respondents received support from both sources. The author discusses these findings in relation to the supplement model of elderly social support and their implications for social service providers.
Spence, Susie A.
"Social Support for the Black Elderly: Is There a Link between Informal and Formal Assistance?,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 18
, Article 10.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol18/iss3/10