A discussion of The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA & ACL) founded by Marcus Garvey in 1915 is presented. The organization provided social services for people of African ancestry in both the U.S. and other countries as well. An analysis of this organization occurs, citing the functions of subgroups like the Universal African Legions and the Universal African Motor Corps. This organization serves as a historic model for contemporary community development.
Harvey, Amnifu R.
"A Black Community Development Model: The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League 1917-1940,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 21
, Article 10.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol21/iss1/10