Excerpt from the full-text article:
This article has a dual purpose: (1) to describe report on the creation and progress of one of the most famous New Towns, Tapiola, in Finland, and (2) to "operationalize" in this scene the dual concepts of Ferdinand Tbnnies' Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, or al they have come to be identified modernly, cimunity and contract bureaucracy. (T~nnies, 1963:12-25) This approach is used because the major attempt in the world today to restore the peopleoriented element of Geeinschaft to local government is being taken in the New Town setting, and one of the most successful (according to published reports) has been the New Town of Tapiola. (von Eckhardt, 1971:21-23).
Wiseman, Stanley F.
"Gemeinschaft vs. Gesellschaft in a Finnish New Town,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 3
, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol3/iss2/6
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