Neighborhood context, mental health outcomes, Mexican American, systematic review


This systematic review seeks to elucidate the association between neighborhood factors and Mexican American mental health outcomes. We searched PsycINFO and Academic Search Premier for studies related to neighborhood factors and mental health. Google Scholar was used to identify additional studies, followed by a manual inspection of the related work. Eleven studies were identified. Nine studies found that neighborhood factors had a significant impact on mental health among this group. Neighborhood compositional factors influenced mental health directly, among which minority concentration was found to be protective for Mexican American mental health. Neighborhood contextual factors influenced mental health directly and indirectly through the mediation of family cohesion. This study reveals the protective effects of minority concentration and calls for further investigation on the cross-level interaction effects of neighborhood and individual/family factors on Mexican American mental health.

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