Bridging social capital, bonding social capital, instrumental variables, internet access, Indonesiaridging social capital, bonding social capital, instrumental variables, internet access, Indonesia


Bonding social capital is within a group or community, whereas bridging social capital is between social groups, social class, race, religion, or other important sociodemographic or socioeconomic characteristics. This paper aims to investigate the determinants of household involvement and the effect of internet access on bridging and bonding social capital in West Java, Indonesia. The data used in this study were sourced from the results of a survey conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) of West Java Province in 2014, The National Socio-Economic Survey (Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional) on Socio-Cultural and Educational Module (Modul Sosial Budaya dan Pendidikan) or The Social Security Module (Hansos Module) which was analyzed through instrumental variables estimation (IV). The results showed that social capital in West Java Province is determined by multiple factors related to schooling, health status, gender, and marriage status, among others. Additionally, we found that internet access has a positive and significant effect on social capital, especially bridging social capital. Furthermore, older individuals (aged 65 and above) are less likely to experience the effects of bridging social capital, due to their lower use of the internet compared to younger aged persons.

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