Black grandmothers, challenges, needs, support, health, financial impact
This study seeks to demonstrate the intersecting structural and compounding challenges African American custodial grandparents experience collectively, rather than as separate non-competing factors, which has been modeled in prior studies. Using a mixed-method research design, the study explored the challenges faced by African American and white custodial grandparents. These challenges included difficulties attaining different types of support, respite care, and programs for teens and special needs grandchildren. Results showed that caregiving challenges among African Americans were more pervasive than their White counterparts. These findings have significant implications for the development of intervention programs for custodial African American grandmothers and their grandchildren.
Smith-Ruiz, Dorothy and Jason, Kendra
"Addressing the Needs of African American Grandparents: An Intersectionality Perspective,"
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: Vol. 48:
4, Article 4.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol48/iss4/4
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