Date of Award
Master of Arts
Dr. Elizabeth B. Garland
Dr. Robert Sundick
Dr. William Cremin
Masters Thesis-Open Access
Carbonized macrobotanical remains from the Schwerdt Site, an Upper Mississippian sturgeon fishery in the Lower Kalamazoo River Valley are identified and analyzed in terms of their implications for localized subsistence-settlement systems operating during the Berrien Phase in southwestern Michigan. The exploitation of wild plant foods at this limited-activity, spring sturgeon fishery and the environmental composition of the site environs are reconstructed from their representation in flotation samples derived from excavated feature and midden contexts.
Botanical data indicate a strong wetland-aquatic orientation in plant procurement, with aquatic tubers being the primary plant resource exploited at the site. Data from several sites of comparable age and cultural affiliation reveal a similar orientation toward seasonal usage of aquatic habitats by Late Prehistoric occupants of the eastern Lake Michigan littoral.
Walz, "The Paleoethnobotany of Schwerdt (20AE127): An Early Fifteenth Century Encampment in the Lower Kalamazoo River Valley" (1991). Master's Theses. 1009.