Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. M. Michele Burnette

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This study compared the effectiveness of verbal vs. nonverbal cue-controlled relaxation in reducing test anxiety. Twenty-four subjects participated. Subjects received training in progressive muscle relaxation with one treatment group using a verbal cue and one treatment group using a nonverbal cue. The control group was offered relaxation training at the completion of the study. The Suinn Test Anxiety Behavior Scale (STABS) (Suinn, 1969) was administered at pre- and post-training in addition to a comparison of the subjects' quiz scores before and after relaxation training was completed.

The findings from this study indicated thats (a) the groups did not differ; however, subjects in the nonverbal cue-controlled group achieved a greater reduction in STABS scores than subjects in the verbal cue-controlled group and the control group; and (b) subjects in both treatment groups did not achieve an improvement on quiz scores.