Music Therapy and Quality of Life: The Effects of Musical Interventions on Self-Reported and Caregiver-Reported Quality of Life in Older Adults with Symptoms of Dementia
Date of Award
Master of Music
Dr. Brian L. Wilson
Edward A. Roth
Dr. John A. Lychner
Music therapy, quality of life, self-report, caregiver-report, dementia
Masters Thesis-Open Access
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music therapy on the quality of life of people with symptoms of dementia. Both self-reported and caregiver-reported quality of life scores were recorded before and after an eight-week treatment period. A control group of discussion and an experimental group of music therapy were included in the study, with a sample size of N = 13. Analysis of the data was done with t tests. No statistical significance was found when comparing the average quality of life scores in the discussion group or the music therapy group from pretest to posttest, in either the self-reported or caregiver-reported scores. Also, there was no statistically significant difference in the changes of scores between the experimental or control group from pretest to posttest in either self-reported or caregiver-reported quality of life scores. Finally, there was no difference in the posttest scores between the self-reported and caregiver-reported quality of life scores. Recommendations for further research include using a larger sample size, comparing the results of participants with different levels of symptoms of dementia, and comparing different types of music therapy, including vocal versus instrumental, live versus recorded music, or active versus passive participation.
Snyder, Alisha, "Music Therapy and Quality of Life: The Effects of Musical Interventions on Self-Reported and Caregiver-Reported Quality of Life in Older Adults with Symptoms of Dementia" (2012). Masters Theses. 109.