Author

Ellis

Date of Award

4-1989

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Dr. Michele Burnette

Second Advisor

Dr. R. Wayne Farqua

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access

Abstract

Recent research in cigarette smoking reveals that social support and reinforcing alternative behaviors to smoking may be instrumental for sustained abstinence. This study examined the efficacy of these approaches with a group of relapsed smokers. Subjects were fifteen male and female Southwestern Michigan residents between the ages of 22-48. Both the treatment and control group attended two initial smoke-stopping sessions. The independent variable was a relapse-prevention package administered to the treatment group over the third through seventh sessions. Dependent variables were Carbon Monoxide (CO) levels, Saliva Thiocyanate (SCN) levels, and the daily number of cigarettes smoked. A two-way analysis of variance revealed no significant group effect or interaction for the dependent variables. One-way analyses of variance revealed significant effects across sessions for CO and cigarettes in the treatment group and for cigarettes in the control group. Post-hoc Newman-Keuls tests conducted at the p < .05 level revealed trends in the data. Conclusions are limited due to small sample sizes.

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