Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Dieter Hermann

Second Advisor

Dr. Michael Voss

Third Advisor

Dr. Paul C. Friday

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of early biographical factors on the future development of the juveniles and focusses on recidivism and factors influencing the development of a criminal "career." It includes a twenty year follow-up period, studying 500 juveniles released from two juvenile prisons of West Germany in 1961.

From a data set originally created in 1966, which included 290 variables, 29 variables, including individual and social characteristics as well as variables dealing with prior experiences with sanctioning, were ultimately used for this study. In addition, some new variables were created from the variables of the basic data set. The criminal records of 461 juveniles, whose court data were available, were evaluated for the follow-up study.

Bivariate and multivariate methods of analysis have been applied. The data demonstrated that while there is almost no measurable influence of early biographical, individual and social characteristics in the long range, the influence of the official sanction has such a long term effect.

Included in

Criminology Commons