Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Lucius Hallett IV

Second Advisor

Dr. Lisa DeChano-Cook

Third Advisor

Dr. Li Yang

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Dave Lemberg


Tribal, environment, planning, "co-management", sovereignty

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Michigan Indigenous Tribes, along with the State and Federal government, are key players in current environmental management programs and policy. The current relationship between these three entities is not clearly defined. Using qualitative data collected through collaborative interviews with employees and members of multiple Michigan Tribes, this study narrates the present dynamic of the Tribal-State-Federal environmental relationship. The Federal government's legal obligation to Michigan Tribes may mitigate potential tension between Tribal and Federal environmental departments, as Tribal-Federal communication is historically established by treaty. Across the country, Federal, State and Tribal departments face similar environmental concerns but the extent to which Indigenous environmental ethics are integrated into Michigan environmental policy is not established. A better understanding of their relationship is necessary to ensure the most effective environmental management policy for all entities involved.


We realize that the complete thesis is not present and it only goes up to page 93. We still hope a full copy will be found.