Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Michael Spadafore

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This descriptive study attempted to determine the factors that relate to job retention for former welfare recipients. Welfare recipients (15 women and 17 men), who were participating in a job club program, completed the Wonderlic Personnel Test (Wonderlic, 1985), the 16 Personality Factors Test (Eber, Cattell, & IPAT Staff, 1985), and a Background/Monetary Questionnaire. Thirty-two clients who obtained jobs were divided into two groups, those who retained their job for 90 days (n = 21) and those who did not (n = 11). Of the 31 factors analyzed, four showed a statistically significant relationship with job retention; amount of jail time served, "intelligence", "boldness", and "imaginative". These results showed that the Retained Group had spent significantly less time in jail, were more intelligent, and less bold and imaginative than the Non-Retained Group. This descriptive information provides a beginning for further experimental research that can attempt to determine causal relationships between the identified factors and job retention.