Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. William Cremin

Second Advisor

Dr. Elizabeth Garland

Third Advisor

Dr. Robert Jack Smith

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The Kline 1 site, located in Mendon Township, St. Joseph County, Michigan, is a multi-component site situated on the eastern shore of Portage Lake. While the projectile points recovered during surface collecting suggest interm ittent presence on this site from late Paleo-Indian to Late Woodland times, the occupation offering the most substantial cultural and subsistence data is attributed to the Late Woodland period. Radiocarbon assays received on two features gave dates of 830 + 70 B.P. and 810 + 50 B.P. calibrated to be A.D. 1215 and A.D. 1223 respectively. The importance of this site relates to its spatially intermediate position between the better described Moccasin Bluff site in southwest Michigan and the many Younge Tradition sites to the east. While not substantial, the ceramic assemblage suggests a t least limited interaction with both cultures. The subsistence data recovered from the site would support exploitation of aquatic and early fall nut masts. Application of the microcomputer program Statgraphics to the problem of distribution of the lithic debris was undertaken. Based on the resulting analysis several micro and macro-activity areas are proposed for the site.