Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. R. Wayne Fuqua

Second Advisor

Dr. Jack Michael

Third Advisor

Dr. Paul Montjoy

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Cue controlled relaxation (CCR) training was compared to simple instructions to relax and control blood pressure on the basis of their effects on cardiovascular reactivity to role played social stressors. The CCR intervention consisted of training subjects to say a cue word ("calm") that had been previously paired with muscular relaxation responses, during presentation of stressors. The instructions intervention was associated with significant reductions in blood pressure reactivity, regardless of whether this condition preceded or followed the CCR condition. Factors that may relate to the relative ineffectiveness of CCR are discussed, as well as those that may have been responsible for the effectiveness of instructions. This study lends support to previous research suggesting that cardiovascular reactivity can be attenuated without specific behavioral, and demonstrates a need in future research on behavioral interventions for cardiovascular reactivity to separate the effects of instructions alone from effects of specific treatments involving instructions.

Included in

Psychology Commons