Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Elizabeth B. Garland

Second Advisor

Dr. William M. Cremin

Third Advisor

Dr. Robert Jack Smith

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


This analysis was carried out on lithic materials collected during the three years of the Settlement Pattern Survey in the Lower Kalamazoo River valley, 1978-1980. The objectives of the study were to provide a firm temporal sequence for the prehistory of the area based on diagnostic projectile point styles, and to assess the dynamics of interregional contact via the identification of chert types from distant source areas. The sample of projectile points provided evidence of human occupation of the Lower Kalamazoo River valley from Paleoindian through Late Woodland times, most notably new evidence for significant occupation in the Early Archaic and Middle Woodland periods. The exotic chert types identified, in association with the diagnostic projectile points, demonstrated that exchange between the inhabitants of this region and other areas of the Midwest varied over time.