Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Human Performance and Health Education

First Advisor

Dr. H. L. Ray

Second Advisor

Dr. Roger M. Zabik

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The study was conducted to determine which of three exercise modes would elicit the highest values for maximal oxygen uptake and maximal heart rate. Maximal graded exercise tests were performed by 20 healthy adults, ten women and ten men. Five of the women and five of the men were trained and the remaining ten were untrained. Each subject used, in a random order: (a) a motorized treadmill, (b) a Monarch bicycle ergometer, and (c) a Schwinn Air-Dyne ergometer. For each test, subjects were encouraged to complete successively harder workload stages, until they reached volitional exhaustion or localized muscle fatigue.

The data indicated that maximal oxygen uptake values were significantly higher for men compared to untrained subjects. For maximal heart rate values, no significant difference was found between modes of exercise, gender or level of fitness.

It was concluded that any of the three exercise modes could be used to elicit similar maximal heart rate values. For maximal oxygen uptake, the treadmill was the mode that elicited the highest values at maximal exercise, compared to the Monarch bicycle ergometer and the Schwinn Air-Dyne ergometer.