Author

Berres

Date of Award

12-1984

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Department

Anthropology

First Advisor

Dr. William Cremin

Second Advisor

Dr. Elizabeth Garland

Third Advisor

Dr. Robert Jack Smith

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access

Abstract

The Schlemmer site is located about 20 km southwest of Cahokia Mounds State Park at the southern edge of Dupo, Illinois. This thesis analayzes 166 vessels recovered from 29 pit and structural features at the southern portion of the site. Using a newly defined late prehistoric American Bottom chronology, the Schlemmer vessels were assigned to either Patrick phase (A.D. 600-800) or Lindeman phase (A.D. 950-1000) components. The research discussed in this thesis attempts to describe and explain the formal variation in Schlemmer ceramic vessels through time and space. To this end, the ceramics have undergone both analytical attribute and typological methods of analysis to trace frequencies and association of selected attributes within each vessel assemblage. It is the contention of this thesis that ceramics recovered from small hamlet or farmstead sites, like Schlemmer, can yield information vital to understanding the late prehistoric ceramic developments in the American Bottom region.

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