Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Norman M. Peterson

Second Advisor

Dr. Dale Brethower

Third Advisor

Dr. R. W. Malott

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Previous research has shown that males and females follow different strategies in allocating rewards for unequal performance on a team task: Males tend to utilize an exploitive allocation strategy, while females tend to be more accommodating in their, allocations. Research has also shown that allocation strategies may differ depending on whether the allocation of rewards is to be made public or is known only to the allocator. Public reward allocations of males tend to be more exploitive than females, while this difference is reversed for private allocations. The present study sought to replicate and extend previous studies, using a factorial experiment which examined the effects of performance and disclosure on allocation decisions, and studied the effects of sex role and the masculinity and femininity of identity on allocation. The results were interpreted as consistent with self-presentation theory which suggests that males and females will enact public behaviors congruent with their sex roles.

Included in

Sociology Commons