Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Chris Koronakos

Second Advisor

Dr. Malcolm Robertson

Third Advisor

Dr. Wayne Fuqua

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The purpose of this paper was to review the current state of knowledge regarding the effects of alcohol ingestion during pregnancy, to determine the specific issues that remain under speculation, and to develop a theoretical research design which might aid in determining the role, if any, of marihuana in compounding fetal alcohol effects.

The literature reviewed indicated that alcohol creates a continuum of fetal effects from mild abnormalities to the full fetal alcohol syndrome; current marihuana studies suggest possible adverse effects on the fetus. The research model was based on this evidence, the well documented usage of both drugs by women of childbearing age, and the lack of current studies that examine the additive effects of alcohol and marihuana. The proposed design was modeled after the most definitive studies in the literature pertaining to fetal alcohol effects.