Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Political Science

First Advisor

Dr. Larry Ziring

Second Advisor

Dr. George Klein

Third Advisor

Dr. Jack C. Plano

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The Arab oil producing countries, following years of a stalemate in the Arab-Israeli dispute,- decided to put their oil resource in the service of the Arab cause using it as an instrument of pressure against the West. Their objective was to induce a change in the Western world Middle East policy and to work toward achieving a lasting and peaceful solution for the Arab-Israeli problem.

The purpose of this thesis is to show that the application of Arab oil diplomacy has been effective into producing a more even handed policy in the area, and into breaking the deadlock in the search for peace.

Chapter I deals with the backgrounds to. Middle East oil and the factors that led to the creation of OPEC.

Chapter II discusses OPEC in its early.years and then focuses on the early Arab oil diplomacy attempts.

Chapter III examines the oil embargo of 1973.

Chapter IV deals with the effect of the 1973 Arab oil embargo on the Western world and Japan.

Chapter V examines the question of future embargoes and the possibility of American intervention in the area.