Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Educational Leadership, Research and Technology

First Advisor

Dr. Uldis Smidchens

Second Advisor

Dr. Rollin Douma

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The biting critique of A Nation at Risk (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983) caused the nation to initiate school reform on federal and state levels. The initiatives have defined education's deficiencies in meeting the needs of students in a rapidly changing, technological society. Students and the society in which they live are the premise and focus for the new outcome-based curriculum. Educators and researchers are developing new concepts of teaching that radically change the traditionally accepted curriculum, instructional delivery, and assessment. Many of these changes are based on new knowledge of the mind's capacity to function in several intelligences. If educators recognize the implications of these findings, they will be empowered to customize their educational strategies to the needs of the learner. The theory of seven intelligences Gardner (1983) and an interdisciplinary, arts inclusive curriculum may be the method to engage students in the process of learning and realize the child's full potential.