Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Dale Brethower

Second Advisor

Dr. Brad Huitema

Third Advisor

Dr. R. Wayne Fuqua

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The purpose of this study was to determine what effect the LTL course had on student grade point averages and graduation rates at Western Michigan University. Three hundred fifty seven undergraduate students who took the LTL class between Fall semester 1987 and Winter semester 1995 were selected as the experimental group. The LTL students were divided into categories based on whether they were Beginners, Transfers, or Re-entries. The three groups of students were matched with control subjects based on demographic variables and academic history using logistic regression. Statistics were computed on all subjects in terms of the differences between the matched subjects in GPAs and graduation rates. Results from a ANOV A and Wilcoxon Sum Rank tests showed that there was no significant difference in either graduation rates or final GPAs.