Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (to 2011)

First Advisor

Dr. Roger Zabik

Second Advisor

Dr. Mary Dawson

Third Advisor

Dr. Patricia Frye

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


The purpose of this study was to explore whether procedures used to establish target heart rates (THRs) for running are applicable to front crawl swimming. Eight male and 22 female fitness swimmers from Western Michigan University participated in this study. Their exercise durations under three experimental conditions were compared. The conditions were: (a) Condition 1, a treadmill run at an intensity equal to a THR of 85% of heart rate reserve (HRR); (b) Condition 2, a front crawl swim at an intensity equal to 85% of HRR; and (c) Condition 3, a front crawl swim at an intensity equal to 85% of HRR minus 12 beats per minute (bpm). The ANOVA indicated that significant differences in exercise duration existed. Results of a Tukey HSD test indicated that there was a significant difference (Q < .05) in the mean durations between Condition 1 and Condition 2. An ANCOVA was calculated on the two swim conditions using stroke rate (bpm) as the covariate. Results of this analysis indicated a significant difference existed between the two swimming conditions. It was concluded that subtracting 12 bpm from a THR based on the HRR method is a valid procedure when fitness swimmers perform the front crawl.