Date of Award
Master of Arts
Human Performance and Health Education
Dr. Roger Zabik
Dr. Mary Dawson
Dr. Patricia Frye
Masters Thesis-Open Access
The purpose of this study was to explore whether procedures used to establish target heart rates (THRs) for running are applicable to front crawl swimming. Eight male and 22 female fitness swimmers from Western Michigan University participated in this study. Their exercise durations under three experimental conditions were compared. The conditions were: (a) Condition 1, a treadmill run at an intensity equal to a THR of 85% of heart rate reserve (HRR); (b) Condition 2, a front crawl swim at an intensity equal to 85% of HRR; and (c) Condition 3, a front crawl swim at an intensity equal to 85% of HRR minus 12 beats per minute (bpm). The ANOVA indicated that significant differences in exercise duration existed. Results of a Tukey HSD test indicated that there was a significant difference (Q < .05) in the mean durations between Condition 1 and Condition 2. An ANCOVA was calculated on the two swim conditions using stroke rate (bpm) as the covariate. Results of this analysis indicated a significant difference existed between the two swimming conditions. It was concluded that subtracting 12 bpm from a THR based on the HRR method is a valid procedure when fitness swimmers perform the front crawl.
Litwinski, Tasha Kay, "A Validation of Target Heartrate Formulas Used in Swimming" (1996). Master's Theses. 3380.