Ami Kim

Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Subhash Sonnad

Second Advisor

Dr. Thomas Ford

Third Advisor

Dr. Hanjoon Lee

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Campus Only


The number of Korean immigrants grew dramatically after the passage of the Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965. These Korean immigrants came from high socioeconomic backgrounds in Korea. However, most Korean immigrants endured hardships in the United States due to language or cultural differences. Because of their frustration and real or perceived limited opportunities, these Korean immigrant parents tend to expect a high degree of success for their children.

Quantitative research was conducted to test the hypothesis: Korean immigrant parents who have high under-rewarded status inconsistency have higher expectation towards their children's academic achievement than those who have lower under-rewarded status inconsistency, those who have over-rewarded status inconsistency, and those who have no status inconsistency. A survey questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents in a Korean church in Kalamazoo and Grand Rapids.

Results showed there was no significance between parents' status inconsistency and their expectation toward their children's academic performance, however, there was some significance between parents' status inconsistency and their negative reaction to their children's academic failure.

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