Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Ron Kramer

Second Advisor

Dr. Zoann Snyder

Third Advisor

Dr. Zoann Snyder

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


Using the Kyoto Protocol as a centrifugal focus point, this research conceptualizes the failure of the United States to act on global warming as a state crime. The decision of the United States not to ratify the protocol was largely based on economic justifications. However, the actions taken following the Kyoto Protocol indicate that the US government was instead dedicated more to their own economical interests, rather than those of the state was a whole. Through the exploration of possible economic and political motivations, the research identifies ulterior motives of the Bush administration that have proved to be detrimental to the environment. Through the application of a theoretical model of state crime developed by Michalowski and Kramer (2006), the opportunity and motivation for a state crime emerges and is identified.

Included in

Sociology Commons