Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Political Science

First Advisor

Dr. Ernest E. Rossi

Second Advisor

Dr. Jack Plano

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access



Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau pointed out in 1968 that some seventy percent of Canadian foreign policy is directly affected by the relationship of Canada and the United States. Trudeau expressed hope that ways could be found to derive maximum independence from the remaining thirty percent. At the same time, Trudeau pointed out the need to decrease the presence of the United States in Canada's foreign policy. One of the ways Trudeau proposed to meet these objectives was the expanded use of countervailing forces. Since the time of this statement, Trudeau has turned words to actions, seeking a wider diversification of Canada's contacts.