Sarah Muno

Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Dr. Charles Hilton

Second Advisor

Dr. Robert Ulin

Third Advisor

Dr. Frederick Smith

Access Setting

Masters Thesis-Open Access


In 1996 and 2000, construction workers uncovered unmarked burial grounds in the Pierhead and Fontabelle sections of Bridgetown, Barbados. The human remains were removed in salvage excavation and are now housed at the University of the West Indies and the Barbados Museum and Historical Society. The associated grave goods, documentary record, and initial osteological analysis indicate these individuals were part of the enslaved workforce during the early to mid- eighteenth century. This thesis will explore the presence of vertebral osteophytosis, vertebral anterior wedge compression fractures, vertebral apophyseal facet remodeling and musculoskeletal stress markers among the human remains from Pierhead and F ontabelle in order to gain a better understanding of the physical demands of labor placed upon these individuals. By comparing the analyses of occupational stress markers among the individuals from the Pierhead and Fontabelle burial grounds with skeletal remains from other traditional and enslaved populations, this thesis will also attempt to place the slave regime of Bridgetown within historical understandings of slavery and the larger context of human labor.

Included in

Anthropology Commons